In a short talk from TED, Joachim de Posada shares a landmark experiment on delayed gratification — and how it can predictfuture success. With priceless video of kids trying their hardest not to eat the marshmallow. Here I’d like to present the experiment process and major findings (from TED) to you and hopefully you would benefit from it.
Joachim de Posada states “A psychology professorfrom Stanford took kids that were four years old and put them in a room all by themselves. And he told the child, a four-year-old kid, ‘Johnny, I am going to leave you here with a marshmallow for 15 minutes. If, after I come back, this marshmallow is here, you will get another one. So you will have two’." To tell a four-year-old kid to wait 15 minutes for something that they like, is exactly equivalent to telling our students not to play computer games or cell phones in their hands.
So what happened when the professor left the room? (For the short video, please go to TED and download it, which is extremely funny and educational).The major findings of the experiment are “14 or 15 years later, these kids were 18 or 19. It’s found that 100 percent of the children that had not eaten the marshmallow were successful. They had good grades. They were doing wonderful. They were happy. They had their plans. They had good relationships with the teachers, students. A great percentage of the kids that ate the marshmallow, and they were in trouble. They had bad grades. Some of them dropped out. A few were still there with bad grades. Only a few had good grades.”
In addition to the experiment mentioned above, more experiments were carried out in other countries, and the participants were also different. However, the experimental results were almost the same. Accordingly, it can be concluded that one of the most important factors for success is self-discipline which is the ability to delay gratification. That child already, at four, understood the most important principle for success. If our students can have a strong self-discipline, undoubtedly,from which they would benefit a lot. First of all, their academic performance can be significantly improved. Second, students are able to get along well with others with ease. Third, their daily schedules can be well organized. In short,a person with self-discipline is more likely to lead a happier life.